A lot of campaigns about healthy lifestyle has been done to raise awareness among the public to live
healthy life style. Despite all of the efforts being done to encourage people to practice a healthy
lifestyle, some of them still do not follow the given advises and continue to live in an unhealthy
lifestyle. Leaving their old eating and social habits are not easy to do but nothing is impossible. There
are many ways people can do to live a healthy lifestyle. To start with, they need to be aware on the
importance of living a healthy lifestyle, monitor their food intake, have enough exercise and learn to
manage their stress properly .
There are a lot of advantages from living a healthy lifestyle. One of the advantages is that it can help
to prevent people from having chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes and cancer (Morris,
2017). According to the Habjouqa (2017), an estimate of 35.8 million years of healthy life are lost due
to overweight and obesity. Thus, by leading a healthy life, it can help their body to stay in shape and
to be in a good condition.
Everyone can practice a healthy lifestyle regardless of their gender, age and wealth. Practicing a
healthy lifestyle does not require people to sign up for expensive gymnasium membership to do
exercise or to only eat expensive organic food. As mentioned before, the main key for the society to
live a healthy lifestyle is to find balance in what they eat and drink and to do exercise or other healthy
activities. Although it seems hard to adhere to a new life style, when they get used to the routine
they will find it doable.
A healthy lifestyle can be understood as a way of living that lowers the risk of having serious sickness
or dying early (Atherton, 2018; Simon, 2014). Nowadays, there are many applications that can be
used to help someone to live a healthy life such as food trackers and exercise trackers (Healthy
Lifestyle, 2018). In today’s world, to live a healthy life is easy for everyone as everything is at their
fingertip. However, if they are not sure on how to start even with the help of internet and applications
in their gadgets, they can make an appointment with their doctor. By following general good health
guidelines prescribed by the doctor, they can start to live a healthier life.
Advantages of healthy lifestyle
Leading a healthy lifestyle can help avoid people from getting serious illnesses. Healthy lifestyle
choices such as eating a prudent diet, exercising regularly, and not smoking may substantially reduce
coronary heart disease (CHD) risk or any other chronic diseases (Ahmad Taufik, 2017). For example,
the recommended daily sugar intake is not more than 10 teaspoons, or 200Kcal, and if people take
more than that, it can lead them to have 1kg of weight gain in just one-and-a-half months (Woo,
2018). When people start to exercise, it will increase their insulin sensitivity and improve their blood
glucose control. This is important especially to those with diabetes disease and obesity.
Apart from that, exercises can also help to lower their blood pressure. When people start to
exercise regularly, it can help them to release their stress level and to strengthen to their body
immunity. According to Harvard Medical School (2017), every part of a person’s body including his or
her immune system functions better when it is being protected from environmental assaults and
bolstered by healthy living strategies. The combination of healthy lifestyle can help to lower risk of
coronary heart disease, diabetes, and total cardiovascular disease. Last but not least, living a healthy
lifestyle can also help people to lose weight and to improve their overall wellbeing (Ahmad Taufik,
Ways to have a healthy lifestyle
People must develop a healthy lifestyle to have a longer and healthier life. Healthy living will make
them to be fit, energetic and reduce risk from getting chronic diseases. There are several tips for
healthy living such as consume a well-balanced and healthy food, do exercise daily and have adequate
sleep. Furthermore, people should manage their stress in positive ways such as by listening to music,
exercise and eat nutritious food (Reese, 2016) instead of by smoking or drinking alcohol as it can
affect the major organ systems in their body (Chia, 2017).
The most important step for a person to have a healthy lifestyle is by taking care of his or her food intake. According to Davis and Stoppler (2018), a person must eat three meals a day which are breakfast, lunch, and dinner, and he or she must control the size of the meal every time he or she wants to eat. The authors further state that people should avoid eating in a larger portion for dinner.
Besides, they suggest that people should consume more fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fat-freeor low-fat products. People should also choose lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts as it can decrease the cholesterol level and saturated fat in their body. Next, it is also important to International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences consume products that have low amounts of saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, salt (sodium), and added sugars (Davis & Stoppler, 2018). To make it easier, people can just follow the food pyramiddiet as prescribed by their doctor.
Another major contributor to a healthy lifestyle is to do physical activity or exercise (Davis & Stoppler, 2018). Exercises such as swimming, yoga, pilates, jogging, aerobics and others are good for the body and mind. People who are not used to exercise should remember to stretch all of their body parts before they do intense physical activities so they will not get hurt during the activity. It is also advisable to have breakfast before exercising so that their body has ample energy to work out. It is suggested that a person can start exercise from 30 to 60 minutes for 3 times a week to live healthily (Davis & Stoppler, 2018). People should make time and motivate themselves to exercise as it can help them to relax and ease their mind.Moreover, exercises can help to improve a person’s body strength, balance and flexibility. It can
also help to increase self-esteem and self-confidence, decrease stress and anxiety, enhance mood, and improve general mental health (Robinson, Segal & Smith, 2018). It can also help control weight gain and lose fat. Most importantly, regular exercise can help people to reduce the risks of having coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure .
Get enough sleep
Getting enough sleep is very important to all age and for example, most adults need 7 to 8 hours of deep sleep in order to function optimally and to maintain a healthy lifestyle (Robinson, Segal & Smith,2018). In addition to that, getting enough sleep has been strongly linked to proper immune system functioning and also cardiovascular health (Woo, 2018). As stated by Sparacino (2018), getting enough sleep is an important part of living a healthy lifestyle as it can help to ease their physical body and mental conditions. When a person gets enough sleep, it can strengthen and improves his or her memory and enables him or her to handle stress and pressure better. Lastly, the author also states if a person only manages to get six hours or less sleep, it will increase the risk of having heart attack.Besides from sleeping at night, taking a nap during the day is also good for a person’s body. Peopleshould be more aware on the importance of having a good sleep as it can have a positive impact ontheir life.
According to Reese (2016), stress is part of life and it is unavoidable. As people grow older, they tend to experience new types of stress as they will have more responsibility such as their job or they have family members to look after. However, it does not mean that they should ignore the stress. When people do not deal with their stress properly, it can lead them to have serious physical and mental health problems. It is also being said that chronic stress can increase the risk of getting heart disease, cancer, and digestive problems, and it can even affect a person’s memory (Reese, 2016). There are several ways suggested by the author to cope with stress such as by listening to music, dance, go for
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences a walk, exercise, sleep or watch television. When people able to manage their stress, it can help them to live longer.
People should quit smoking because a smoke-free lifestyle will help to improve their health. When a person quit smoking, it can decrease the risk of getting lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, and respiratory diseases(Gordon, 2017). Besides, by quitting from smoking he or she can help others such as their unborn baby, children and other family members from being passive smokers. As stated by Gordon (2017), there are several ways to stop smoking. First, smokers can start by decreasing the quantity of smoking and stop buying cartons of cigarettes. Next, they should try to avoid the temptation to smoke or even getting close to a person who is currently smoking. Moreover, the
author also suggests that smokers can also try to distract themselves from smoking by doing activities such as reading, cleaning, jogging, swimming and many more. Lastly, they can also buy nicotine gum or nicotine cigarette filter to help them to quit smoking.
Another step to live a healthy lifestyle is by not consuming alcohol because it can lead a person to get diseases like stroke, high blood pressure, cancers and organ failures (Ducharme, 2018).Furthermore, instead of being a sober, they can enjoy their daily life and able to remember what they had done before. There are several tips to avoid from consuming alcohol which are first, people must
avoid their temptations on drinking or at least reduce drinking gradually in time and second they can also avoid from going to the parties or social gatherings where alcohol will be served (Ducharme,2018). By doing this, they can live a healthier lifestyle.